n Conflict Trends - The necessary conditions for post-conflict reconciliation

Volume 2011, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


The year 2011 has witnessed several developments in Africa. These include the military defeat of Laurent Gbagbo by the United Nations (UN)-led forces in Côte d'Ivoire; the Arab Spring, which toppled hitherto powerful regimes in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya; and the secession of South Sudan and the escalation of conflict in the frontier regions between the emergent two Sudans. Other important developments include famine in the Horn of Africa, which has forced mass migration across the Somali border, and the defeat of the Al-Shaabab militia by the African Union Mission for Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeepers in Mogadishu. These developments have ignited debates among peace and conflict theorists and practitioners on key themes such as post-conflict forgiveness and reconciliation, the nexus between peace and justice, the prevalence of violence cultures, nation-building and ethnic diversity management in weak states, and the limitations of the African Union (AU) in peacemaking.

This article aims to contribute to the discourse on the first theme - forgiveness and reconciliation - which is a key phase in post-conflict peacebuilding. In particular, the article is an overview of the necessary conditions that foster forgiveness and reconciliation in a post-conflict environment.

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