n Conflict Trends - Imperatives for post-conflict reconstruction in Libya

Volume 2011, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Having endured for four decades, the political system of Jamahiriya - or 'state of the masses' - created by Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi, has resulted in Libya having a unique political dynamic. Its growth has been stunted in many ways, as it lacks political parties, civil society organisations, trade unions, economic associations and even a unified army. When he led the coup that brought him to power in 1969, Qaddafi exploited the fact that the country had two capitals, Tripoli and Benghazi, claiming that he wanted to take power from King Idris al-Sanousi, who was accused of favouring the eastern part of Libya. Ironically, Qaddafi himself meant to marginalise that same region, particularly Benghazi, hoping to centralise his power and government in Tripoli. It is not surprising, therefore, that this year's uprising began in the east, with its hub in Benghazi.

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