n Conflict Trends - AMISOM and the protection of civilians in Somalia

Volume 2012, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


When the international community decided to re-engage with Somalia in a meaningful manner from 2006 onwards, it was primarily regional and global security concerns which underpinned the decision. Ethiopia, backed by the United States of America, deployed its armed forces into southern Somalia in an attempt to overthrow the Islamic Courts Union and to install an Ethiopian-backed Transitional Federal Government (TFG). The decision by the African Union (AU) to deploy a peace support operation, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in January 2007, was based largely on efforts to convince Ethiopia to withdraw its forces from Somali territory. It also provided support to the fledgling and widely unpopular TFG while the details of a longer-term transition and peace process were hammered out.

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