n Conflict Trends - An overview of peacekeeping in Africa in the past twenty years (1992-2012)

Volume 2012, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Peacekeeping is an international conflict management and response tool. It is utilised by multilateral institutions like the United Nations (UN) and the African Union (AU) as part of a political process to assist parties in conflict to move from active combat towards implementing a peace agreement achieved through negotiations and/or mediation. As a dominant response mechanism, peacekeeping has served as one of a range of international peace and security tools considered by the UN and the AU against other available response options. It has and continues to be a central mechanism employed to assist countries in the aftermath of conflict to facilitate the move from conflict to sustainable peace. It consumes more resources, employs more people and occupies a greater share of the UN Security Council's and the AU Peace and Security Council's time than any other issue. No instrument has had a greater impact on the provenance and application of international law and international humanitarian law than peacekeeping mandates. Better than any other collective endeavour, it represents the concept of member states cooperating in the maintenance of international peace and security.

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