n Conflict Trends - The Sudan-South Sudan military escalation in Heglig : shifting attention from domestic challenges

Volume 2012, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was a landmark treaty for Sudan. An exclusive two-party agreement, it paved the way for the independence of South Sudan on 9 July 2011. This generated optimism that the legal partition of the state would bring about a durable resolution to Sudan's longest rebellion.

However, Sudan formally losing part of its territory and the accompanying natural resources raised the stakes. This converted its political row with South Sudan into an international confrontation. Although the negotiation process on the pending issues related to the final resolution of the conflict and the creation of two separate states has continued after South Sudan's independence, thus far it has brought few results. In April 2011, this politico-economic deadlock between the two parties culminated in the border military escalation in Heglig (Panthou in the local Dinka language).

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