n Conflict Trends - Affirmative action and women's empowerment in Ghana : challenges to a growing democracy

Volume 2013, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


In its literal sense, affirmative action warrants that any discrimination which infringes on the fundamental rights of women should be outlawed, whilst women's socioeconomic development, influence and impact on society are traditionally and constitutionally entrenched. Global initiatives to legalise the domestic, professional and political roles of women in society gained momentum in the 1960s. Through resilient affirmative action processes, women are now vocal in governance and decision-making processes in many countries. Women constitute 20.3% of parliaments globally, and 20.4% of parliaments in sub-Saharan Africa. Notwithstanding persistent efforts at increasing campaigns to bridge the gap between women and men in national decision-making processes globally, the process has been painstakingly slow. However, critical thinkers and feminist political scientists, such as Drude Dahlerup, are of the view that women can effect different and long-term significant changes in parliaments to improve their lot.

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