n Conflict Trends - Exploring the nexus between ethnicity and terrorism in Africa

Volume 2013, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


There are 3 315 ethnic groups on the African continent that are part of Africa's 54 "nation-states". In recent years, we have witnessed an upsurge of secessionist movements, which have led to the dismemberment of Ethiopia and Sudan. There are calls for secession across the length and breadth of Africa as certain groups feel marginalised from the largesse of the state, whilst others are deemed to be appropriating more than their fair share. The perception is that those monopolising political power (and, therefore, state resources) often belong to a particular ethnic, racial or religious identity. Those opposing and seeking to replace them, meanwhile, also mobilise along similar identity lines. In the meantime, the post-colonial African state has singularly failed to create an overarching national identity and a common citizenship for all those within its territorial boundaries. This tension between the state and various substate identities has been exploited by Islamist groups in Africa, and can be clearly witnessed in Mali and Nigeria.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error