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n Conflict Trends - Exploring the nexus between ethnicity and terrorism in Africa

Volume 2013, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818

Abstract

There are 3 315 ethnic groups on the African continent that are part of Africa's 54 "nation-states". In recent years, we have witnessed an upsurge of secessionist movements, which have led to the dismemberment of Ethiopia and Sudan. There are calls for secession across the length and breadth of Africa as certain groups feel marginalised from the largesse of the state, whilst others are deemed to be appropriating more than their fair share. The perception is that those monopolising political power (and, therefore, state resources) often belong to a particular ethnic, racial or religious identity. Those opposing and seeking to replace them, meanwhile, also mobilise along similar identity lines. In the meantime, the post-colonial African state has singularly failed to create an overarching national identity and a common citizenship for all those within its territorial boundaries. This tension between the state and various substate identities has been exploited by Islamist groups in Africa, and can be clearly witnessed in Mali and Nigeria.

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/content/accordc/2013/3/EJC144028
2013-01-01
2019-11-17

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