n Conflict Trends - The shift to stabilisation operations : considerations for African peace support operations

Volume 2014, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


The African Union (AU) is increasingly undertaking stabilisation activities in the conduct of its peace support operations (PSOs), as reflected in the language of the various Peace and Security Council (PSC) communiqués and mandates. The AU's interventions - such as those in Somalia, Mali and the Central African Republic (CAR) - have sought, among other aspects, to support the stabilisation of countries as they transition from conflict to peace. In so doing, they have also supported processes to ensure the reestablishment of political and legal stability. Underpinning this approach is a greater awareness at the political level of what is required, in addition to military-security efforts, to establish peace. In contexts such as those of Somalia, stabilisation has broadly included support by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), in the stabilisation of areas recovered from Al-Shabaab and the extension of the authority of the federal government, as well as the facilitation of the capacity of local administrations to strengthen the delivery of basic services to communities. In this sense, the notion of stabilisation for AMISOM has been closely tied to the provision of immediate peace dividends and supporting the extension of governance.

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