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n Conflict Trends - "Monrovia is not Liberia" : a rocky path towards decentralisation

Volume 2014, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818

Abstract

Decentralisation has the potential to address one of the most deep-rooted causes of conflict in Liberia. Yet, as the planning continues, a myriad challenges have emerged.


Liberia has long been characterised by a deeply entrenched centralism. This was created by the American Colonisation Society (ACS) in 1847 for freed and repatriated slaves - known as Americo-Liberians - who became the ruling minority for over a century, largely suppressing indigenous Liberians. Attempts at decentralisation prior to the war were limited and never fully materialised under either presidents William V.S. Tubman (who introduced an integration strategy) or William R. Tolbert, Jr (with his Rural Development Taskforce). During the reign of Samuel K. Doe, no decentralisation was provided for - despite introducing a new constitution in 1986 - largely due to the politicised nature of the reform consultations.

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/content/accordc/2014/3/EJC159680
2014-01-01
2019-10-14

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