n Conflict Trends - Four years after the fall of Gaddafi : the role of the international community in stabilising a fractured Libya

Volume 2015, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Like other articles in this special issue of taking stock of what has been achieved in the wake of the uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East in 2011, this contribution examines what has transpired in Libya over the last four years. The United Nations (UN) Resolution 1973 that authorised a no-fly zone over Libya was widely criticised for its implementation by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Given its substantial role in the downfall of Muammar Gaddafi's government, the international community - including multilateral and regional organisations - bear some responsibility for what has transpired since. As predicted by a key international observer in 2011, during the throes of the early part of the civil war, "Libyans' hopes for freedom and legitimate government... depend() on how and when Qaddafi goes."

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