n Conflict Trends - Demystifying extremism in Nigeria : understanding the dynamics of Boko Haram

Volume 2015, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


The Preamble to the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO) Constitution states, "Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed." Undoubtedly, the Boko Haram insurgency is a war that begins in the minds; therefore, to address this quandary, conflict transformation approaches and peace initiatives must target the thinking of people and communities in northern Nigeria. This article uses Boko Haram as a case study to uncover the remote and immediate causes of extremism in Nigeria. Furthermore, this article proffers that, to overcome the wave of extremism and to achieve sustainable peace in the region, there is an urgent need for peace education, and for building cultures that foster peace and non-violence.

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