n Conflict Trends - Editorial

Volume 2010 Number 1
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


On 18 February 2010, the military in Niger, led by Major salou Djibo and Colonel Adamou Harouna, overthrew the government of President Mamadou Tandja. The coup followed a year-long political crisis in Niger that arose from President Tandja's efforts to extend his mandate beyond December 2009, when his second term was originally scheduled to end. President Tandja dissolved the National Assembly in May 2009 and subsequently appointed a new Constitutional Court, enabling him to push forward with a constitutional referendum in August 2009 that extended his mandate for an additional three years. The new constitution also enhanced Tandja's power by scrapping the semi-presidential system of government in favour of a presidential system. Mr Tandja, a former army officer, was first voted into office in 1999, and was returned to power in an election in 2004. Niger has experienced long periods of military rule since independence from France in 1960.

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