n African Journal on Conflict Resolution - The role of track two diplomacy in the Democratic Republic of Congo conflict

Volume 1, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1562-6997


Negotiating a cease- fire and a political solution, at the top political and mili- tary level, was an obvious first priority for peace- brokers in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) conflict. A flurry of first track and official diplo- matic efforts were pursued with the aim of convincing the Kabila government, rebel movements and regional states, to negotiate and implement a cease- fire agreement. Track two diplomacy played a minimal role in facilitating the signing of a cease- fire agreement. It, however, served as a reconciliatory effort at the civil society level. Track two diplomacy made a critical contribution to the official peace process by providing the unarmed actors with an opportu- nity to voice their position on the conflict. The de facto partitioning of the country during the war made contact between civil society organisations from the occupied zones difficult, if not impossible. Unofficial track two diplo- matic efforts conducted outside the DRC served to provide civil society groups with a platform of interaction and engagement.

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