n African Journal on Conflict Resolution - Foreword

Volume 8, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1562-6997


This special issue of the African Journal of Conflict Resolution (AJCR) focuses on Nigeria, the continent's most populous state with over 146 million inhabitants. The country is one of Africa's biggest economies, but with the vast majority of its people living in poverty. Since the end of military rule in 1999, Nigeria has undergone a dazzling period of reform and reversal in its economic, political and social democratisation processes. Communal violence along religious lines, for example, have punctuated civilian rule. Nigeria's wealth in oil - it is the sixth largest producer of crude oil - has fuelled conflict as a result of deep economic governance problems. Both presidential elections in 2003 and 2007 involved major electoral irregularities and election-related violence. Yet, although imperfectly, Nigeria continues to be ruled by civilians, and to move closer to strengthening the peaceful transition won through the adoption of its constitution in 1999. Indeed, the inauguration of President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua in May 2007 was Nigeria's first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power.

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