n Africa Conflict Monthly Monitor - Anatomy of a rebel movement - : Central Africa - issue in focus

Volume 2013, Issue 02
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As 2012 concluded with the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (FARDC) held out in Goma in the face of continuous pressure from the M23 rebels, questions were being asked about the future of the North Kivu province, should its capital Goma fall. By 21 November 2012, the news began to filter through that rebels had infiltrated the hills and villages behind the FARDC outposts and the troops of the United Nations Stabilisation Mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO). The rebels had cut the supply lines by occupying Sake, a strategic town on the road to Bukavu. With this road threatened, the FARDC moved out of Goma, and the 1,500 MONUSCO troops in Goma held their fire while M23 troops occupied the city. MONUSCO troops and officials maintained their positions, observing the occupation of the city.

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