n Africa Conflict Monthly Monitor - Rwanda's genocide and the International Criminal Court - : Central Africa - issue in focus

Volume 2014, Issue 05
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Had there been no Rwandan genocide in which 800,000 Tutsi were massacred by the country's Hutu government and its supporters and allies, the creation of the International Criminal Court (ICC), headquartered in The Hague, would still have eventually been created. However, when combined with the horror of Serbian genocide against Muslims later that decade, Rwanda's atrocities expedited the court's establishment. In 2014, some of Africa's most dangerous mass killers and abusers of human rights are under ICC indictment. The continent no longer needs to achieve normalcy with these criminals at large or enjoying pleasant retirements - like Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, who became Saudi Arabia's guest. More importantly, for the first time despotic African leaders contemplating genocide and crimes against humanity know that they will be held accountable, indicted, tracked down, tried and imprisoned. Such a deterrent did not exist before the ICC. No wonder African leaders guilty of such crimes or harbouring such criminal tendencies are critical of the institution.

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