n Africa Conflict Monthly Monitor - Somaliland's embryonic 'independence' - : East Africa - issue in focus

Volume 2014, Issue 05
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Somaliland looked very much like a functioning, independent state in the World Bank report released at the start of 2014. This was the first time that the self-declared autonomous state's economy was included in this report. In 1991, following the end of the regime of Somali dictator Mohamed Siad Barre, the territory - in which 3,5 million people currently reside - broke away from greater Somalia. Somalia did not, however, recognise the independence, and the consequent threat of military intervention has resonated like a low-volume vibration for almost two and a half decades. Nonetheless, the reason that Somalia has not militarily retaken Somaliland is that Somalia is scarcely holding itself together as an autonomous state itself. In contrast, Somaliland, as indicated in the World Bank Report, stands out as a remarkable success story of stability - not just within the failed state of Somalia, but in the volatile East African region as a whole.

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