n Africa Conflict Monitor - ACM Country Profile : Mozambique - : national profile

Volume 2015, Issue 06
  • ISSN : 2311-6943


President Filipe Nyusi of the long-ruling party the Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Frelimo) was sworn in on 15 January 2015, three months after he won Mozambique's October 2014 general elections. He faces internal struggles within his party and a strong opposition from the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (Renamo) party, which won majorities in the resource-rich northern provinces of Mozambique. Xenophobic attacks on Mozambicans in South Africa and a backlash of attacks on South Africans in Mozambique have caused tensions between Mozambique and its largest trading partner, South Africa (21% exports; 26% imports). During a state visit to Maputo on 21 May 2015, South Africa's President Jacob Zuma apologised for xenophobic violence in his country that resulted in the death of at least one Mozambican. Severe floods during January 2015 displaced hundreds of thousands, destroyed critical infrastructure, disrupted agriculture, and caused international ratings agencies (such as Moody's) to predict negative effects on Mozambique's GDP and a significant increase in public debt in 2015.

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