n Africa Conflict Monitor - ACM Country Profile : Mauritania - : national profile

Volume 2015, Issue 06
  • ISSN : 2311-6943


Much of Mauritania's territory is in the Sahara desert and most of its wealth-generating potential lies underground, in extractable minerals, or off-shore, in fishing. Mauritanian society features a strong geographical and ethnic split between an Arab population based mostly in the north and a largely black population in the south. Despite tensions between the two groups, the disputed territory of Western Sahara to the northwest and an unstable Mali to the east, Mauritania is virtually conflict-free. Security forces are given a strong remit by President Muhammad Ould Abd Al-Aziz, an ex-general who took control of the country in a bloodless coup d'état in 2008. Terror groups, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), are believed to sometimes operate within the country's territory, but there have been no notable attacks within Mauritania in recent years.

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