n Africa Conflict Monitor - ACM Country Profile : Somalia - : national profile

Volume 2015, Issue 07
  • ISSN : 2311-6943


In June 2015, the UN praised the government of the long-troubled Somalia for its leadership and progress in building a federal state. One caveat to that praise supported a suggestion for the country to further exploit its available resources and engage more with international supporters. Somalia's economy and population of 10.4 million are largely dependent on remittances from Somalis working overseas. The closure of several key transfer companies in early 2015 as a means to halt income to terror groups sent shockwaves through both the treasury and ordinary households dependent upon remittances. Nevertheless, militants and terrorists remain the greatest obstacles to Somalia's recovery from civil war, and to economic development. The government has pushed al-Shabaab - the largest security threat in the region - out of its former strongholds. However, the Islamist extremist group continues to perpetrate vicious guerrilla attacks and is developing an alternate stronghold in the Puntland region. Army collaboration with community militias may however thwart this. Al-Shabaab attacks have also continued in neighbouring Kenya since the beginning of 2015, exacerbating tensions between the two nations.

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