n Acta Commercii - Brand recognition in television advertising : the influence of brand presence and brand introduction : original research

Volume 14, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2413-1903
  • E-ISSN: 1684-1999



To assess the relationship between brand recognition and brand presence and brand introduction.

Brand recognition and recall are established advertising effectiveness measurements to assess brand awareness. Of particular interest is whether encoding of brand information as measured by brand recognition is influenced by brand presence and brand introduction.
A meta-analysis was performed on responses to 25 television advertisements, gathered from 50 000 respondents.
The findings indicated a positive linear relationship between brand presence and brand recognition but a negative linear relationship between brand introduction and brand recognition, whilst brand introduction and brand presence predicted variance in brand recognition.
The researchers concluded that a brand should be present in an advertisement for about two-thirds of the time for optimum brand recognition.

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