n AfricaGrowth Agenda - Cry freedom : no easy walk to Zambia's economic independence in the 21st Century

Volume 2007, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1811-5187


Zambia's socio-economic and political history is well documented. Th ere was the pre-independence period to 1964, when economic, industrial, and formal administrative activity was still characterized by insignificant-almost non-existent-indigenous / local participation. Th is area was the exclusive preserve of the private, white-settler minority. But as Muzandu (1985) notes, several factors conjoined at independence in 1964 to create favorable conditions for increased local participation.

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