n AfricaGrowth Agenda - Poverty and its impact on Ethiopian children : the case of Amhara Region

Volume 2014, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1811-5187


This study investigates the relationship between poverty and other socio-demographic characteristics of a household on the nutritional status of children in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. We use a unique panel data set from Young Lives for the period 2002 to 2010/11. We specifically examine how household wealth/asset along with other socio-economic characteristics relate with height for age (HAZ) and weight for age (WAZ) z-scores of children, which are measures of child malnutrition. The results suggest that there is a positive relationship between household wealth/asset and nutritional status of children. We also find that children from poor families exhibit a significantly low growth in both HAZ and WAZ in urban areas, and HAZ in rural areas, between the periods. In addition, the results suggest that malnutrition rises with the age of the child and household size has a negative impact on nutrition status of children. Based on these findings, we suggest that if the region is to reduce the prevailed high level of child malnutrition, policies and strategies for poverty reduction (aiming to ensure adequate resource availability to households) and promotion of family planning services must be aggressively pursued.

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