n AfricaGrowth Agenda - The effects of brain drain on growth and development in Ghana

Volume 2009, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 1811-5187


The international migration of highly skilled labour, also known as the "brain drain", remains one of the most controversial areas of economic development and socio-political debates. During the last sixty years, scholars have studied the relationship between migration and development; however, to a large extent, this relationship remains unsettled. Both positive and negative outcomes have been identified from brain drain, thereby leaving room for ambiguity and more importantly, the need for further research. It is argued that the flight of highly educated people leaves a country deprived of human capital for an economy's future development. For a long time, this argument has been the cornerstone of World Bank and IMF arguments in response to Africa's struggle to advance economically. However, there is also increasing theoretical and empirical evidence that migrants to developed countries contribute in various ways to the welfare of their home countries.

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