oa Africa Insight - Comparative development of the public services in Botswana and the western (Bantu) areas

Volume 1, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-2804



Botswana and the Western (Bantu) Areas of South Africa have both, to a larger and lesser extent, undergone rapid and far-reaching governmental and administrative development since 1965. Until March 1965 the (then) Bechuanaland Protectorate was governed according to the typically decentralized British colonial principle under the complete authority of the Resident Commissioner (Her Majesty's Commissioner since 1963). The constitution of 1960 introduced for the first time an advisory Executive Council and a partly elected Legislative Council to assist and advise the British Commissioner on legislative and executive matters.1) Self-government was granted by the new constitution of 1965 when ministerial government under a Prime Minister was introduced for the first time. The first election of members of the Legislative Assembly under the new constitution was held in 1965 and Sir Seretse Khama, whose Party gained 28 out of the 31 elected seats, became Prime Minister. Under the pre-independence constitution of 1965 Her Majesty's Commissioner retained a general reserve executive power and direct responsibility for external affairs, defence and security.

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