oa Africa Insight - Joining hands: partnership for community development

Volume 15, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0256-2804



The South African population is still increasing at an average rate of 2.3 per cent per year. Projections indicate that if the growth tendency were to continue, the present South African population of 28.4 million would increase to 47.1 million by the year 2000, to 80 million by 2020 and an estimated 138 million people by 2040. The natural resources in South Africa are limited. The Department of Water Affairs, for example, estimates that the country has sufficient underground and surface water for not more than 80 million people, If this growth of 2.3 per cent per year were to continue it would disturb the acceptable balance between population and existing water and other natural resources. which, in turn, could have far-reaching social and economic effects on South Africa and southern Africa and thus seriously jeopardize stability and progress.

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