oa Africa Insight - Country profile - Burundi

Volume 16, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0256-2804



Burundi is one of the poorest and smallest states on the African continent, From the 15th century Burundi was governed by a succession of seventeen kings, all from a single dynasty which ruled the country for five centuries. By the Treaty of Kiganda, which King Mwezi Gisabo signed in 1903, Burundi became a German protectorate and was incorporated into German East Africa, At the end of the First World War Burundi became a Belgian mandate under the auspices of the League of Nations, In 1946 Burundi's status changed to that of a trust territory under the aegis of the United Nations. In November 1959 self-government was granted and on 1 July 1962 Burundi became an independent kingdom, the joint Tutsi-Hutu royalist party being victorious in the ensuing elections,

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