oa Africa Insight - Mining developments in Botswana

Volume 3, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-2804



The large area (590 342 km2), low rainfall, lack of subterranean water, low population density (about one person per km2), the absence until quite recently of natural resources and the fact that it is situated far from the developed regions of neighbouring states means that Botswana is not only regarded as one of the poorest countries in the world but from a development viewpoint is acknowledged to be one of the problem territories of Southern Africa. At independence on September 30, 1966. President Khama put his finger squarely on the problem when he declared that ""... there can have been few countries so handicapped from the outset of independence and with so long and difficult a process of development to which to look forward before political independence can be matched by true economic viability"".1)

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