oa Africa Insight - Tanzanian experience with rural resettlement schemes over the past two decades

Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0256-2804



The traditional system of land use in most of Tanzania, as elsewhere in Africa, has been the system of shifting cultivation. The conditions which give rise to such a system in every pre-industrial economy are well-understood; they include, inter alia, the availability of vast land resources and a relatively low density of a population using primitive agricultural techniques. Some ecological and climatic factors may also contribute to its existence or prolongation. For example, where rainfall is erratic seasonally as well as geographically, and precipitation is highly concentrated, soil erosion can become a serious problem and the movement from cultivated to virgin lands and back again in a few years' time may be accentuated.

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