n Africa Insight - From social revolution to social regression : Ethiopia, 1974-2004

Volume 34, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-2804


This article attempts to make a political assessment of the last three decades since the 1974 mass revolt. It is argued that the fundamental demands of all those who took to the streets in 1974 were for democracy, social and economic rights. The paper considers the fundamental problems of the country both in 1974 when the Derg came to power, as well as in 1991 when it was overthrown, and asks why, three decades after the revolution, the general situation in Ethiopia is now worse than it was in 1974. The problems are analysed in terms of ethnicity and ethnic conflicts. The paper also looks at development strategies, both under the Derg and the EPDRF. Some of the key issues in this regard are poverty and rural development, the environment, and gender upliftment.

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