n Africa Insight - The neo-liberal policy, free movement of people and migration : patterns in the southern African development community

Volume 40, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-2804


Human migration is a global phenomenon that dates back to the origin of life when people migrated to other regions primarily in search of a better livelihood. Migration offers opportunities for people to move from areas of political, economic and social distress to places and regions of better socio-economic opportunities and more harmonious living conditions. The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region presents unique diversity in socioeconomic and geo-political structures that have triggered massive out-migration of people from crisis-riddled and distressed economies such as Zimbabwe, Angola and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and in-migration into resource-rich ones such as South Africa and Botswana, that offer spectacular economic opportunities. This paper examines the pattern of migration and distribution of migrants in SADC.

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