oa Africa Insight - Balewa's Nigeria and Nkrumah's Ghana

Volume 5, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-2804



Any historical analysis of the early post-independence years of African states, particularly of the ex-British colonies, will devote some attention to the diverse developments in Ghana and Nigeria and to the varied approaches of their leaders Kwame Nkrumah and Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. Superficially at least, these two West African countries had much in common: early colonization by Negro races, an early agricultural revolution and iron technology, a strong Islamic influence on the northern parts of their territories, and a subjection to European slave trading. Their period under European domination, too, bears similarities: the growth of trade with the metropolitan power, the development of towns, the English language, and western-Christian education brought by the missionaries, the overriding influence of British colonial administration, and the growth of nationalist movements demanding independence.

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