oa Africa Insight - Economic liaison in Southern Africa

Volume 9, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0256-2804



Until the 1960s South Africa was a unitary state and economic policy was determined by the central government. Nevertheless, even then a low-key debate was going on, largely in academic circles, about the advantages and disadvantages of having an economic community whose members would be South Africa, the then British protectorates of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland, Mozambique and Angola, Rhodesia and Zambia and Malawi. The advantages of such a co-operative community were a larger market, cooperation in establishment of hydroelectric and water schemes, and co-operative marketing of the community's various export products to the rest of the world. The South African Government took the first steps in this direction by building the Cabora Bassa hydro-electric scheme In Mozambique and the Ruacana scheme between Angola and SWA/Namibia.

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