oa African Zoology - Larval development of the congrid eel, Gnathophis capensis (Kaup), off Southern Africa, with notes on the identity of Congermuraena australis Barnard

Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1562-7020
  • E-ISSN: 2224-073X



More than 100 species of marine eels are now known from the rich waters of the western Indian Ocean and southern Africa. Many of these, particularly those of the tropical north, are widespread throughout whole or part of the warm Indo-Pacific. The influence of the latter area on the marine fauna of southern Africa is indeed a considerable one and is demonstrated clearly in the eels. The Atlantic influence on Cape waters is much weaker. This might be expected in view of the close association between eel distribution and the hydrological conditions which provide opportunities for oceanic movement of their pelagic larvae (leptocephali).

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