n African Zoology - Foraging behaviour of brown-hooded kingfishers() in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania

Volume 37, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1562-7020
  • E-ISSN: 2224-073X
This article is unavailable for purchase outside of Africa



We report metrics of foraging behaviour of the brown-hooded kingfisher () at field sites near Amani, Tanzania. We also test whether the relationships between perch height, search time, sally distance and handling times are consistent with predictions of opportunistic foraging. The time spent at a perch when the bird attempts prey capture should be shorter than give-up times when birds are taking the first thing detected. Hence, survival distribution functions and non-parametric rank statistics were used to test for differences between give-up and attempt perches. Since an exponential model appropriately described the perch survival distribution function, the time that a bird leaves a perch is independent from time already at the location. At any given time during a search for prey items, the probability that a kingfisher stayed at a perch was significantly lower when the bird made an attempt at the item than if it gave up on a location. Additionally, there were no relationships between search time and perch height, sally distance and handling times. This may be explained by an energetic trade-off with large prey handling costs, opportunistic feeding of the more abundant small prey items, or prey-specific familiarity by local kingfishers.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error