n African Zoology - Termite species richness, composition and diversity on five farms in southern Kunene region, Namibia

Volume 37, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1562-7020
  • E-ISSN: 2224-073X
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A survey was conducted on five farms in former Damaraland, a communal farming area in arid northwestern Namibia. The aims of the survey were to establish termite inventories for each site and to investigate whether termite diversity is determined by land-use history and land-use intensity. Overall, termite diversity in western Namibia is low. The Shannon Index ranged from 0-1.46. Diversity was generally higher at sites under relatively low land-use intensity. On the farm with the most arid climatic conditions, this relationship was reversed, probably as dung and other resource inputs were relatively high at the higher land-use intensity site. Termite species assemblages differed between the various farms, as well as across the land-use intensity gradients. Whether this was attributable to differing environmental parameters or land-use histories was not clearly discernible.

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