oa African Zoology - The epidermis and its keratisation in the African elephant (Loxodonta africana)

Volume 5, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1562-7020
  • E-ISSN: 2224-073X



The family Elephantidae contains two living genera, each with a single species. The African elephant Loxodonta africana is found over a wide area south of the Sahara to South Africa, while the Indian elephant Elephas maximus occurs in most of south-east Asia. Both species inhabit savannah grass lands and tropical forests (Walker 1968). Luck and Wright (1964) compared the skin of hippopotamus amphibius with that of Loxodonta africana in finer histological detail. In the present paper, the histology of the flank epidermis in the adult female African elephant is descriptionbed and related to the localisation of certain chemical constituents of importance in the keratinisation of the stratum corneum.

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