oa African Zoology - Social scents in hand-reared pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)

Volume 7, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1562-7020
  • E-ISSN: 2224-073X



Three male and one female pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) were taken in the wild when a few hours to three days old and were hand-raised. The development of their behaviour was studied with particular emphasis on their olfactory communication. Fifty hours of field observations conflrnled most of the findings in the captive animals. Four scents are important in the social life of the pronghorn: They originate with the paired subauricular and ischiadic glands, the single donal gland and the odour of urine. The subauricular and dorsal scents are produced by males only.

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