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n African Journal of Democracy and Governance - Exclusion de la République Démocratique du Congo de l'African Growth and OpportunityAct (AGOA) : le néolibéralisme au service de l'hégémonie américaine

Volume 2, Issue 1_2
  • ISSN : 2313-6529

Abstract

African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is an important piece of legislation that was passed under President Obama Administration in order to promote commercial exchanges between the United States of America (USA) and African Sub-Saharan countries by providing preferential treatment and tax exemptions for a number of African products. As was the case for the Structural Adjustment Programmes under the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, admission to AGOA is subject to conditions that include liberal economy and respect for the rule of law and human rights. In 2010, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was excluded after the US Administration had accused its armed forces of violating human rights and perpetuating insecurity in the Eastern part of the country where they have been fighting against Congolese and foreign militia. Yet, some Western multinational companies have been also involved in the perpetuation of the conflict that benefitted their countries.This article reflects on AGOA. It argues that AGOA is a neo-liberal tool of American hegemony. International exchanges with developed countries like the US are important for economic growth in Africa but the DRC and other African countries should stop complaining and invest in intra-African commercial exchanges that are critical for economic development.

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/content/ajdg/2/1_2/EJC175799
2015-01-01
2019-10-17

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