n African Journal of Democracy and Governance - Décentralisation agricole, développement rural et gouvernance locale en République Démocratique du Congo

Volume 2, Issue 1_2
  • ISSN : 2313-6529


Since its accession to independence from Belgium on 30 June 1960, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) went through several decades of authoritarian rule and socioeconomic mismanagement. A new constitution was approved by referendum held from 18 to 19 December 2005 and promulgated by the President of the Republic on 18 February 2006. According to this constitution, the DRC is a democratic and decentralized state based on the rule of law, respect for human rights, and separation of powers between the central government, the provinces and territorial decentralized entities. The decentralization of agricultural services,which derives from this re-organization of the state, offered new opportunities for rural development. It also aimed at improving local governance in the DRC. A rural management council consisting of all stakeholders was established in each and every province and territorial decentralized entity.Using the available data and relying on the existing literature, including the author's research work over the past ten years, this paper reflects on local decentralization in the DRC and on the prospects and challenges to local development through the decentralization of agricultural services. It also makes useful recommendations to promote rural development and improve governance in this wide and rich African country.

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