oa African Journal of Laboratory Medicine - Quality assurance for point-of-care testing in Zimbabwe : country profile

Volume 5 Number 2
  • ISSN : 2225-2002
  • E-ISSN: 2225-2010



Zimbabwe was one of the sub-Saharan countries most severely affected by HIV and AIDS. The first AIDS case was reported in 1985. HIV prevalence increased sharply from 1985 to the mid-90s, peaking at 27.7% in 1997; thereafter, it started to decline (Figure 1). According to the National AIDS Council, HIV prevalence was estimated to be 15.0% as of the end of 2014.2 Zimbabwe has a population of 15.25 million and has a generalised, feminised and homogenous HIV epidemic which continues to decline in terms of new infection rates, prevalence and AIDS-related mortality. However, there are localised areas (11 districts) of high HIV transmission, described as hot spots, which include border districts,growth points, small-scale mining areas, fishing camps and commercial farming settlements. The number of people living with HIV in Zimbabwe is estimated to be 1 390 211, with an incidence of 0.98, for the 15-49-year age group (Table 1).1 New infections are estimated to be 69 105 and annual HIV deaths 63 853; 905 368 people are in of need antiretroviral therapy. Nearly 80.0% of adults have access to antiretroviral therapy, while only 40.5% of children have access to treatment.

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