oa African Journal of Laboratory Medicine - Genetic characterisation of multidrug-resistant serotypes isolated from poultry in Cairo, Egypt : original research

Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2225-2002
  • E-ISSN: 2225-2010



Food-borne diseases pose serious health problems, affecting public health and economic development worldwide.

was isolated from samples of chicken parts, skin samples of whole chicken carcasses, raw egg yolks, eggshells and chicken faeces. Resulting isolates were characterised by serogrouping, serotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility testing and detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production. Antibiotic resistance genes and integrons were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
The detection rates of were 60%, 64% and 62% in chicken parts, skin, and faeces, respectively, whereas the egg yolks and eggshells were uniformly negative. Kentucky and Enteritidis serotypes comprised 43.6% and 2.6% of the isolates, respectively, whilst S. Typhimurium was absent. Variable resistance rates were observed against 16 antibiotics; 97% were resistant to sulfamethoxazole, 96% to nalidixic acid and tetracycline and 76% to ampicillin. Multidrug resistance was detected in 82% (64/78) of the isolates and ESBL production was detected in 8% (6/78). The β-lactamase TEM-1 gene was detected in 57.6% and SHV-1 in 6.8% of the isolates, whilst the OXA gene was absent. The gene was detected in 97.3% and the gene in 5.3% of the isolates. Sixty-four of the 78 isolates (82%) were positive for the integrase gene () from class 1 integrons, whilst was absent.
This study reveals the presence of an alarming number of multidrug-resistant isolates in the local poultry markets in Cairo. The high levels of drug resistance suggest an emerging problem that could impact negatively on efforts to prevent and treat poultry and poultry-transmitted human diseases in Egypt.

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