n Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery - Knowledge, attitudes and practices of condom use in a rural area in Uganda

Volume 15, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1682-5055


During the past decade antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) revolutionised AIDS treatment in Uganda. Although this endeavour demonstrates successes, new challenges emerged, for example the continued use of condoms amidst the increasing availability of ARVs and misconceptions about what ART could accomplish. This study investigated the knowledge, attitudes and practices of condom use in a rural area of Uganda where ART has been implemented. A quantitative, cross-sectional design, with probability sampling of the general population, was utilised. Data were gathered using a self-designed questionnaire. The descriptive statistics indicate a high level of knowledge of HIV, its transmission, condoms and antiretroviral drugs. However, condom acceptance and use were low. Although respondents would not intentionally engage in unprotected sexual intercourse because of the availability of ARVs, some have engaged in risky sexual behaviours, exposing others to infection. It is recommended that HIV/AIDS preventions should provide information to the public to increase acceptance on condom use, especially people in unstable relationships. The public should be educated that protected sex by means of condom use is still necessary, even if their sexual partner is on ART/ARVs.

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