oa Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery - Rural health care provision in Botswana: the context of nursing practice and the expanded role of the nurse

Volume 2, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1682-5055



Over the past fifteen years, interest, if it can be measured in terms of publications, meetings, conferences, policy provisions or health activities, appears to have increased significantly with regards to rural health in African countries. With approximately 1.5 million population, the Republic of Botswana is located in Southern Africa. As at 1996, there was a doctor/population ratio of 1:4130 compared to a nurse/population ratio of 1:404. In 1995, the overall mortality rate was 11:1000, life expectancy at birth was 67,2 years, while the infant mortality rate fell from over 100:1000 in 1971 to 41:1000. Currently, approximately 75% of the population live in rural areas, i.e. in villages, farm settlements or cattle posts.

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