n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Comparison of motor proficiency programmes for children with learning disabilities : motor learning and development

Volume 12, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


With this study, the researcher investigated the effect of specially designed physical education programmes on the motor proficiency of learners with learning disabilities. The subjects (N=60) were all learners from the Zululand Remedial School in Empangeni, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Two experimental groups participated in a 12-week Perceptual Motor (N=20) or a Sensory Motor (N=20) intervention programme while a Control group (N=20) was tested on all test variables but did not participate in a intervention programme. The acceptance of the value of physical education within the curriculum of the new Curriculum 2005 led the researcher to focus on the question of which type of physical education programme could be presented to best suit the needs of learners with learning disabilities. Using repeated measures with matched pairs design, the Bruininks Osrestsky Test of Motor Proficiency (long format) was used during the pre, post test and again at the post-post test after a 6-week period. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) calculation revealed that the Perceptual Motor group achieved a significant improvement in their motor proficiency (p <0.01). The Sensory Motor group improved significantly on their motor proficiency (p<0.01). The Control group showed no significant changes on their scores. The results displayed enough evidence to prove that a specially designed physical education programme to suit the special needs of learners with learning disabilities is of the utmost importance.

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