n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Incidence of mild and very mild traumatic brain injuries in a secondary school rugby team promotion, fitness and wellness - : health promotion, fitness and wellness

Volume 12, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


The incidence of mild (concussive) and very mild (sub-concussive) traumatic brain injuries (MTBI & vMTBI) in secondary school rugby players was documented in this study. The study group consisted of thirty-five (35) rugby players [group 1 = vMTBI (n=26) and group 2 = MTBI (n=9)] and ten (10) non-rugby players (control group 3). The control group consisted of schoolboys that did not play any contact sport. In a single rugby season, 726 very mild traumatic brain injuries (1951 vMTBI per 1000 play hours) and 18 mild traumatic brain injuries (48 MTBI per 1000 play hours) were sustained in 372 play hours of contact sessions. Most of these injuries took place in the tackle (vMTBI [32%] and MTBI [61%]) and loose scrum (vMTBI [40%] and MTBI [39%]) situations. The forwards sustained more vMTBI and MTBI than the backs. The incidence of vMTBI has not yet been researched in school rugby and this study is the first to report the incidence of vMTBI in a secondary school rugby team. The findings of this study indicate a high incidence of vMTBI in a cohort of secondary school rugby players in one season.

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