n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Gender differences in aerobic fitness of pre-adolescent school children in Makurdi, Nigeria promotion, fitness and wellness - : health promotion, fitness and wellness

Volume 12, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


This aim of this study was to determine differences in aerobic fitness in pre-adolescent Nigerian school children. Participants were 2015 (979 boys and 1036 girls) aged 9-12 years. They were drawn from 19 public primary schools in Makurdi, Nigeria. Peak oxygen (peak VO) was assessed indirectly with 9-minute run walk test. Step wise regression analysis was used to elucidate the relationship between age, gender and anthropometric parameters (as independent variables) and peak VO, as a dependent variable. Results of this study indicates that the boys' peak VO was significantly higher (p<0.0001) than that of the girls whether expressed in L.min-1 (1.4 ± 0.27 vs 1.3 ± 0.29) or ml.kg-1.min-1 (40.6 ± 6.7 vs 37.8 ± 5.3). Stepwise and multiple regression analysis showed that for boys, a substantial portion of the variance was explained by biological age, whereas body mass mainly accounted for aerobic power variations in girls. Peak VO was greater in boys than in girls at all ages.

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