n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Factors affecting sports participation among female students at Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa : physical education and sport

Volume 15, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


The primary aim of this study was to examine factors affecting sport participation among resident and non-resident female students at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), Pretoria, South Africa. The study targeted all students participating in 12 registered sports but due to the fact that only a limited number of the total population of students engage in competitive sport, a sample of 148 participants completed the questionnaires. The non-participants included 259 students who volunteered to provide information for the study. Both categories of students completed structured questionnaires. Many of the participants (52%) indicated that their main motivation for engaging in sports was the possibility of receiving student bursary. Sixteen percent (16%) were motivated by the belief that the university will give them free sport equipment, while 13% of the participants indicated that they were encouraged to take part in sport because of the possibility that their club membership will be subsidized. Thirty-nine percent of non-resident students also acknowledged the importance of sport bursaries as an incentive. Some of the non-participants (13%) indicated that they would engage in sport in future if they were provided with sporting equipment. The non-participants (26%) stated that expensive club membership was a major deterrent to involvement in university sport. The results have practical implications for effective promotion and management of sport in universities. In developing strategies aimed at promoting sport participation among female university students, bursary awards, free equipment provision, membership fee subsidization and free accommodation, should be emphasized in conjunction with other incentives.

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