n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Sport psychological skills that discriminate between successful and less successful female university field hockey players : sports psychology

Volume 16, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


Sport psychology plays an important and ever-increasing role in competitive sport. The objective of this study was to determine the sport psychological skills that discriminate significantly between successful and less successful female university field hockey players in order to emphasize the characteristics that need to be addressed in sport psychological skills training (SPST) sessions. The subjects consisted of 106 female university hockey players, categorized into a successful (players from the A division) and less successful group (players from the B division). The sport psychological skill (SPS) levels measured with the Psychological Skill Inventory (PSI) and the Ottawa Mental Skills Assessment Tool-3 (OMSAT-3) from the two groups were compared and reported. The results indicated that the successful group had better results in 66.7% of the variables that were measured in the study. Practical significance was found in four of the 18 psychological variables that included achievement motivation, goal-directedness, goal-setting and fear control. Furthermore, six variables discriminate significantly between the successful and less successful female hockey players, which included achievement motivation, stress reactions, fear control, self-confidence, mental rehearsal as well as imagery.

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