n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Exercise motivation and barriers among men and women of different age groups psychology - : sport psychology

Volume 18, Issue Issue-4_1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


Regular physical activity is beneficial to all individuals for a variety of reason, yet many individuals do not engage in sufficient physical activity. The purpose of this study was to establish exercise motivation and barriers among different age and gender groups. The study included 154 participants with 77 (50%) males and 77 (50%) females recruited from three different fitness centres. A survey was modified for this specific study from The Exercise Motivations Inventory 2 and The Exercise Causality Orientations Scale. Results showed that the most common perceived motives for exercise were '', '', to '', '' and to ''. The motives changed when comparisons were made between different age and gender groups. Females indicated '' to be a stronger exercise motive while the senior group agreed that exercise to '' was more important. Common barriers for exercise included '', focus on '', the perception that '', '' and because of ''. Barriers to exercise among the groups included, '' which was more of a concern among younger groups and a '' which was more prevalent among the senior groups. A variety of other motives and barriers were identified. The motives and barriers cited by participants in this study provide useful information and can be of assistance to health care providers by understanding exercise preferences in different age and gender groups and as a result addressing specific exercise barriers to promote exercise adherence.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error